Passage Narration এর কিছু গুরুত্বপূর্ণ নিয়ম!
Narration নিয়ে ভয় , আজ থেকে আর নয়
একজন বক্তার বক্তব্য ব্যক্ত করার উপায়কে narration বলে। এক কথায় বক্তা যা বলে তা ই Narration বা উক্তি। একজন বক্তার বক্তব্য প্রধাণত দুই উপায়ে ব্যক্ত হয়ে থাকে: 1. Direct Speech 2. Indirect Speech
Speech: বক্তা নিজের মুখ দিয়ে যা বলে তা হল Direct speech বা প্রত্যক্ষ উক্তি । যা Quotation mark বা
উদ্ধৃতি চিহ্নের মধ্যে থাকে।
Indirect Speech : বক্তার কথা যখন অন্য কেউ তার মত করে বলে, তখন তাকে Indirect Speech বা পরোক্ষ উক্তি বলে ।
মনে রাখতে হবেঃ Inverted Comma এর ভিতরের অংশকে Reported Speech বলে। আর Inverted comma এর বাইরের অংশ কে Reporting Verb বলে।
Passage Naration এর সকল শর্টকাট নিয়মগুলো এক নজরে দেখে নিন।
Passage Narration Exercise
এই Passage Narration গুলো বোর্ড পরীক্ষার প্রশ্ন থেকে বাছাই করে দেওয়া হয়েছে। ঘুরে ফিরে এগুলোই JSC, SSC, HSC পরীক্ষায় আসে।
১) The man said to the manager “May I come in Sir ?” “ Yes,” come in . “What do you want ?”said the manager “I want to open a bank account in your bank ,”said the man .”Can you tell me the process of opening a savings account ?”
Answer: The man respectfully the manager if he might go in. The manager replied in the affirmative and told him to go in. He also asked him what he wanted. The man replied him (MR) that he wanted to open a bank account. At last he asked him (MR) if he could tell him the process of opening a saving account.
২) The traveller said, “Can you tell me the way to the nearest inn?”Yes “said the peasant.”Do you want one in which you can spend the night?”No,”replaid the traveller.” I only want a meal.”
Answer: The traveller asked the peasant if he(P) could tell him(T) the way to the nearest inn. The peasant replied in the affirmative and asked him if he (T) wanted one in which he (T) could spend the night. The traveller replied in the negative that he only wanted a meal.
৩) The teacher said to the Student, “Have you prepared your lesson today?’’“No, sir ,’’replied the student. The teacher said, “Why?’’ “I was suffering from headache .I shall do my work tomorrow,’’ replid the Student
Answer: The teacher asked the student if he had prepared his lesson that day. He (S) respectfully replied that he had not. The teacher again asked why he had not prepared his lesson. The student replied that he had been suffering from headache the previous day. He (S) added that he would do his work the next day.
৪ ) “My sons listen to me. A great treasure lies hidden in the land. I am going to leave it to you.” “How’ll we find it?” said the sons. “You must dig the land for it” said the old man.
Answer: The old man told his sons to listen to him and added that a great treasure lay hidden in the land. He further added that he was going to leave it to them. The sons asked him how they would find it. The old man replied that they had to dig the land for it.
৫ ) The teacher said to the boy, “Do you think that honesty is the best policy?” “Yes Sir. I think so.” Then learn to be honest from your boyhood.” said the teacher. “Thank you, sir.” said the boy. “May Allah grant you a long life. “said the teacher to the boy.
Answer: The teacher asked the boy if he thought that honesty is the best policy. The boy replied respectfully in the affirmative and said that he thought so. Then the teacher advised him to learn to be honest from his boyhood. The boy thanked his teacher politely. The teacher wished that Allah might grant him a long life.
৬ ) “ May I come in, Sir,” “Yes, come in. What do you want?” “How can I help you?” said the Manager. “I want to open a bank account in your bank.” said the man. “Can you tell me the process of opening a saving account?”
Answer: The man respectfully asked the manager if he (man) might go in. He (manager) replied in the affirmative and told him (Man) to come in. He also aked him what he (man) wanted. The manager asked him how he could help him.The man replied that he wanted to open a bank account in his (manager) bank. He also asked him (manager) if he could tell him (man) the process of opening a savings account.
৭ ) “Zaman said to me, “Have you finished reading the book I gave you yesterday?” “Yes, I have finished reading the book,’ I replied. “What an interesting book it is! I wish I would borrow the book earlier.’ I said. “Will you return the book to me today? he said.
Answer: Zaman asked me if I had finished reading the book he had given me the previous day. I replied in the affirmative and added that I had finished reading the book. I exclaimed with delight that it was a very interesting book. Further I wished that I might borrow the book earlier. He asked me if I would return the book to him that day.
৮ ) The old man said, “Can you give me some food? I have been starving for three days.” The maid said, “Why do you beg? Can’t you work?” “No, I’m unable to work.” The old man replied.
Answer: The old man asked the maid if she could give him some food. He added that he had been starving for three days. The maid asked him why he begged. She further asked him if he couldn’t work. The old man replied in the negative that he was unable to work.
৯ ) The fruit seller said, “Which fruits do you want to buy? I have apples from Australia, oranges from Darjeeling, grapes from Kashmir.” The customer said, “What fruits of our country do you have?” The seller said, “I have coconut, guava, and Jackfruit.” The customer said, “Give one kg of Guava as it will be substitute of Australian Apples.
Answer: The fruit seller asked the customer which fruit he (c) wanted to buy. He added that he (s) had the apples from Australia, oranges from Darjeeling, grapes from Kashmir. The customer asked him what fruits of their country he had. The fruit seller replied that he had coconut, guava and jackfruit. Then the customer told him (s) to give one kg of guava as it would be the substitute of Australian apples.
১০ ) Once I asked a sweet little girl, “What is your mother’s name?” She replied cleverly. “I know my mother’s name but I won’t tell you that.” I said. “What a clever girl you are!” “I don’t tell my mother’s name to anybody whom I don’t know.” She spoke with an air of confidence.
Answer: Once I asked a sweet little girl what her mother’s name was. She replied cleverly that she knew her mother’s name but she would not tell me that. I exclaimed with wonder that she was a very clever girl .With an air of confidence, she spoke that she didn’t tell her mother’s name to anybody whom she didn’t know.
১১ ) Once a rich banker said to a poor cobbler, “How much do you earn a year?” The cobbler replied laughing, “I never count in this way. I earn barely enough to pass a day. And I’m happy.” “Are you really happy?” said the banker.
Answer:Once a rich banker asked a poor cobbler how much he earned a year.The cobbler replied laughing that he never counted in that way.He also added that he never counted in that way.He also added that he earned barely enough to pass a day.And again he added that he was happy.The banker asked if he was really happy.
১২ ) “Why are putting up the food in your pocket, Sir? Why don’t you eat?” asked the noble man. “I am doing the right thing. My dress deserves these rich dishes,” replied Sheikh Saddi. “ I don’t understand what do you mean to say.” Said the noble man ,. “And I’m sorry.”
Answer: The noble man respectfully asked Sheikh Saddi why he was putting up the food in his pocket./Addressing Sheikh Saddi as sir the noble man askd why he(S) was putting the foods in his(S) pocket. He again asked why he did not eat. Sheikh Saddi replied that he was doing the right thing .He added that his(S) dress deserved those rich dishes. The noble man said that he was sorry.He added that he(N) did not understand what he(S) meant to say.
১৩ ) “I have got G.P.A. 5 in the S.S.C. Examination,” said Kamal. “Congratulations.” “What do you intend to do now?” asked Hasan.“I want to study in a reputed college. I will try to get myself admitted into Dhaka College, Said Kamal.
Answer: Kamal said that he had got GPA- 5 in the SSC examination. Hasan congratulated Kamal. He asked him (K) what he (K) intend to do then. Kamal replied that he (K) wanted to study in a reputed college and he (K) added that he would try to get himself admitted into Dhaka college.
১৪ ) “Have you ever been to Cox’s Bazer?” asked Hasan. “No, I have never gone there, “replied Kamal. “But I long for visiting the place.” “I had an opportunity to visit the sea beach last year,” said Hasan. “How charming the scenery is!”
Answer: Hasan asked Kamal if he had ever been to cox’s Bazer. Kamal replied that he had never gone there but he longed for visiting the place. Hasan added that he had an opportunity to visit the sea beach the previous year. He exclaimed with joy that the scenery was very charming.
১৫ ) “Why did you not go to school yesterday?” said the mother to the girl. “I was ill, mum,” the girl replied. “How are you today?” the mother asked again.” “Well,” said the girl, “Don’t worry for me.”
Answer: The mother asked the girl why she (girl) had not gone to school the previous day. The girl lovingly replied that she (girl) had been ill. / (Addressing her (M) as mum she (G) replied that she (G) had been ill.) The mother again asked her (G) how she (G) was that day. The girl replied that she was well. She (G) also said her not to worry for her.
১৬ ) I said to old man, “What are you doing?” “I am watching the boys swimming in the pond,” he said. “How happy they are! May Allah bless them.” “Let me sit by you and enjoy the scene.” I said.
Answer: I asked the old man what he was doing. He replied that he was watching the boys swimming in the pond. He also exclaimed that they were very happy. He again prayed that Allah might bless them. I requested the old man to let me sit by him and enjoy the scene.
১৭ ) “Where do you like to go, Sir? said the ticket officer to the passenger. “I want to go to Chittagong,” said the passenger. “How many tickets do you need?” “I need five tickets.” “Here are the tickets. They will cost one thousand taka,” said the ticket officer.
Answer: The passenger respectfully asked the ticket officer where he (P) liked to go. The passenger replied that he (P) wanted to go to Chittagong. The ticket officer further asked the passenger how many tickets he (P) needed. He then replied that he (p) needed five tickets. Finally the ticket officer said that there were the tickets and they would cost one thousand taka.
১৮ ) “What is the time by your watch?” he said. “It is half past nine,” I said. He said, “I want to go to the college. Would you accompany me, please?” “No, I am sorry,” replied I.
Answer: Answer: He asked me what the time was by my watch. I replied that it was half past nine. Then he added that he wanted to go to the college. He also asked me if I would accompany him kindly. I replied in the negative and said that I was sorry.
১৯ ) “We would like to go an excursion. Can we have your permission? Sir?” said the students. “Yes, you can arrange it after the examination is over. And you should choose a historical place for that” replied the Headmaster. “Thank you, Sir.”
Answer: The students said that they would like to go on an excursion. They asked the Headmaster with respectfully if they could have his permission. The Headmaster replied in the affirmative and said that they could arrange that after the examination was over. He also said that they should choose a historical place for that. The students thanked the Headmaster.
২০ ) Rashed said to karim. “How are you?” I went to your hostel yesterday, but did not find you. Where did you go?” “I went to the station.” said Karim. “I had to receive my maternal uncle there.”
Answer: Rashed asked Karim how he was. Rashed added that he had gone to the hostel the previous day but had not found him. Rashed again asked Karim where he had gone. Karim replied that he had gone to the station because he had to receive his maternal uncle there.
২১) “Have you killed the rats?” said the Mayor. “Yes, I have said the piper. “Give me the promised money.” “How funny!” said the Mayor, we cannot give you so much money. Take only fifty.
Answer: The Mayor asked the piper if he (p) had killed the rates. The Piper replied in the affirmative and said that he had. Then he (P) told the Mayor to give him (P) the promised money. The Mayor exclaimed in wonder that it was very funny. He added that they could not give him (P) so much money and told him to take only fifty.
২২ ) Father said to his son, “Why are you making late? Go to school now.” “No, I am not going to school today. I feel dizzy, ”said his son.
Answer: Father asked his son why he (S) was making late. He told him to go to school then. His son replied in the negative and told that he was not going to school that day. He added that he (S) felt dizzy.
২৩ ) Have you completed your assignment?” said Rumana. “No, I haven’t completed yet, “replied Farah. “But you must submit it timely,” said Rumana. “I worked on it for several hours yesterday,” replied Farah.
Answer: Rumana asked Farah if she (F) had completed her (F) assignment.Farah replied in the negative and said that she had not completed yet. Being dissatisfaction,Rumana told her (F) that she (F) must submit it timely. Farah replied that she had worked on it several hours the previous day.
২৪ ) “I came to Bogra this afternoon. I sent you a massage before starting from home” Roka said” Did you receive it in time? she asked “No, I did not receive” I replied.
Answer: Roka told me that she had gone to Bogra that afternoon. She added that she had sent me a message before starting from home. She asked me if I had received it in time. I replied in the negative that I had not received it.
আশা করি এই শীট টি সংক্ষিপ্ত সময়ে প্রস্তুতি নিতে সহায়তা করবে।